Are these UK trusts? Yes, they are all registered with the Charity Commission for England and Wales.

Why aren’t they in other directories? For various reasons. Some are relatively new, others may have been around for a number of years but only recently become financially active, and some have simply been overlooked by other researchers.

How have you discovered them? For the past 20+ years, we have been engaged in detailed research into trusts on the Charity Commission Register.

Are they too small to bother with? No - half of the trusts in Invisible Grantmakers 2018 have assets of £500,000 or more. The average level of grant distribution of these trusts last year was over £140,000. Invisible Grantmakers reports identify a significant number of philanthropic high net worth trustees.

Are they narrowly focused in their giving? The majority of trusts featured are broadly discretionary trusts with no geographical restrictions on their giving. Those with restrictions, either on the objects they can support, or on the geographical area of benefit, are included where we believe they will be of interest to at least a good proportion of users.

Our work is mainly conducted overseas - will these trusts fund us? Broadly half of the trusts featured in Invisible Grantmakers reports are either registered as giving for overseas work (in addition to work in the UK), or can be seen from their grant history to be supporting overseas causes. Trusts that only give overseas are only included exceptionally.

We get regular reports of all newly published trusts. Are these all the same ones? No - more than half of the trusts featured in Invisible Grantmakers 2018 are over seven years old (their average age is over thirteen years). Importantly, our lists also filter out the high proportion of newly registered trusts that remain very limited in the scale and scope of their grantmaking.